In remembrance of those who fought and died at war, particularly in the First and Second World Wars.
Here we record:
- the six war graves in the churchyard of those who died in service in the First and Second World Wars;
- the four family graves naming others who died in service in the First World War and are buried overseas;
- the two war memorials in the village, naming (almost) all those who died in service in the First and Second World Wars; and
- the Rolls of Honour naming all those who served in the First World War.
Follow the links below to find out more about all of them.
War Graves in Little Gaddesden Churchyard
There are six war graves in Little Gaddesden Churchyard, three from each of the two world wars. One has a recumbent family gravestone, and five of them have headstones in the standard Commonwealth War Graves Commission pattern.
Each of the men buried in these graves has his own page, setting out what we know about him and his war service. Click or tap on the names to find out more, include the location of each war grave in the churchyard.
Family Graves Naming War Dead Buried Abroad
Four of the soldiers who served and died in the First World War and are buried in Belgium or France are named on family graves in the Old Churchyard.
Again, each of these men has his own page, setting out what we know about him and his war service. Click or tap on the names to find out more, include the location of each of these family graves in the churchyard.
There are two war memorials in Little Gaddesden, one in the Church and one on the Village Green.
Church War Memorial
The war memorial in the church is an oak memorial positioned on the left side of the arch leading into the Bridgewater Chapel, commemorating the dead of both World Wars. It is divided into two panels and, above the upper one, the dates
1914 + 1918
On the upper panel (in two columns except for the final name, centrally placed) below the heading
the names of the 23 men who died in the First World War are engraved in black. Each man is listed just by his initial and surname, in order of initial.
On the lower panel, also in two columns and below the heading
1939 + 1945
the names of six of the men who died in the Second World War are listed – but not in order. The name of William O’Kelly is not included.
Below the bottom panel is the inscription
REQUIESCANT IN PACE
Click the links to find out more.
Village Green War Memorial
The village’s other war memorial is on the Village Green, outside John O’ Gaddesden’s House. The brick and stone structure was from a design conceived by Adelbert, 3rd Earl Brownlow, who died before its completion. Mrs Wheatley, a cousin of Lady Brownlow and wife of Colonel Wheatley, the Ashridge Agent, then endeavoured to see that his wishes were fulfilled. On 24th April 1921, the memorial was unveiled by Adelbert, 5th Baron Brownlow during a service conducted by The Revd. Thomas Sidney Goudge (Rector) and accompanied by the Berkhamsted Town Band “in the presence of practically the whole of the inhabitants of the villages Little Gaddesden, Hudnall and Ringshall, whose heroes the memorial serves to commemorate”, as the Hertfordshire, Hemel Hempstead Gazette and West Herts Advertiser put it.
The memorial, constructed under the superintendence of Mr C. H. B. Quennell, F.R.I.B.A. and built by Ashridge estate bricklayers, has three sections:
- outer, flanking walls incorporating 24 moulded stone Doulton terracotta roundels, said to have come from Ashridge House,
- large stone tablets, bearing inscriptions including the names of the dead, supplied and cut by Berkhamsted Stonemasons Frederick Martin and his son Arthur, and
- a central section, recessed under a tiled, sloping roof, with supporting timberwork by local carpenter Harry Temple. Under the ridge are bottles believed to contain the names of villagers of importance before and during the First World War.
The inscription on the left hand tablet, which was amended after the Second World War, reads:
Men and Women
Who Went From The
And Served In The
1914 – 1919 And 1939 -1945
The Names Of Those
Who Gave Their Lives
For Their Country
On The Stones Here.
1939 – 1945.
Henry Gordon · Gordon Highlanders
Duncan Gray · Rifle Brigade
Leonard Hing · Royal Artillery
William Newman · Royal Air Force
Ian Patterson · Royal Artillery
Edward Rogers · Suffolk Regt
As with the church war memorial, the name of William O’Kelly is not included.
The right hand tablet bears the inscription:
1914 + 1919
Charles Batchelor · Bedfordshire
Vernon Batchelor · Hertfordshire
Albert Bierton · Middlesex
William Arthur Cook · Beds Yeomanry
William Cooper · R.F. Artillery
James Dunn · Machine Guns
William Fenn · Hertfordshire
Arthur Fowler · Shropshire L.I.
Alfred Garment · Northamptonshire
Bertram Gentle · Royal Rifles
Edward Groom · Royal West Surrey
George Hoar · Hertfordshire
Walter Holland · Rifle Brigade
Alexander Johnson · Royal Engineers
Frank Johnson · Royal Berkshire
William Mayling · Hertfordshire
Alfred Mead · Bedfordshire
Samuel Oakins · Royal Engineers
George Pinnock · H.M.S. Black Prince
Frederick Purton · Bedfordshire
Geoffrey Talbot · R.N. Air Service
William Henry White · R. Fusiliers
Arthur Whitman · Hertfordshire
Click the links to find out more.
The village green war memorial has been catalogued by IWM: “Little Gaddesden, Ringshall And Hudnall” (WMR 63601)
Rolls of Honour for 1914-1919
Little Gaddesden Church has two Rolls of Honour remembering those who served in the First World War. The first (the “Scrap of Paper”) dates from around 1919. The second is a 2018 revision.
The “Scrap of Paper” (ca. 1919)
A Roll of Honour, dating from approximately 1919 was discovered in a battered state in the Parish Chest in 1987. It had the two panels of names and regiments re-written and was framed and hung in church in 1991. This names 119 men from Little Gaddesden, Ringshall and Hudnall who served in the First World War and has been catalogued by IWM “Little Gaddesden, Ringshall And Hudnall Roll Of Honour (WMR 40253) Little Gaddesden Hertfordshire”.
An eminent later Churchwarden, Michael McCaul, believed that the man responsible for compiling the 1919 Roll of Honour was the Reverend Thomas Sidney Goudge, M.A., D.S.O., who served as an Army Chaplain during the First World War and came to Little Gaddesden as Rector in January 1919.
This Roll of Honour now hangs on the South wall of the Bridgewater Chapel of St Peter and St Paul, Little Gaddesden.
The inscription “The Scrap of Paper” does not, incidentally, refer to the physical state of Little Gaddesden’s Roll of Honour when it was found in the Parish Chest. Rather, it refers to the Treaty of London of 1839, which guaranteed Belgium’s independence. The treaty was breached by Germany invading Belgium in the early days of the First World War. The words “für einen Fetzen Papier” (“for a scrap of paper”) were used by the German Chancellor Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg to seek to belittle the treaty during a fateful meeting with the British Ambassador Sir Edward Goschen on 4 August 1914, the day on which Britain declared war on Germany. The phrase became something of an ironic rallying cry for the cause of the war, as evidenced by the subtitle of the Roll of Honour:
Men who have answered their Country’s call in defence of a “Scrap of Paper”
The 1919 Roll of Honour uses what seems to have been a popular pre-printed template. As well as the prominent words “The Scrap of Paper”, the template contains an extract and facsimile copy of the signatures from the treaty, all within a patriotically decorated border. Blank templates, intended to be filled in by any parish, school or other institution, could at the time be bought from the Fine Art Publishing Co Ltd, who printed them under licence from the Foreign Office.
The Rhyme of History
In a further irony, history was almost to repeat itself shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War. In September 1938 Neville Chamberlain, the British Prime Minister, brought a written agreement back from a meeting in Munich with Adolf Hitler that was supposed to resolve the Czechoslovakia crisis. Chamberlain famously voiced his belief that it was “peace for our time”. A year later, Germany had invaded Poland, Britain was again at war with Germany, and Hitler derided his written agreement with Chamberlain as another “scrap of paper”.
2018 Centenary Revision
A 2018 Centenary Revision of the Roll of Honour for Little Gaddesden, Ringshall and Hudnall 1914 – 1919 was hung in the church in March 2019. It hangs on the right hand side of the arch leading into the Bridgewater Chapel. The entries are transcribed below.
Names on the 2018 Centenary Revision of the Roll of Honour for Little Gaddesden, Ringshall and Hudnall 1914 – 1919
These are the names of all those known to have served in the First World War. Those marked “RIP” died in the war. Links (in red) are given to further pages with information on each of them.
|ARNOLD Henry G||Army Ordnance Corps|
|AUSTIN Stanley||Royal Navy|
|AUSTIN William||9th Bn. Worcestershire Regt.|
|BAIL Alfred||Royal Naval Air Service|
|BARLOW Albert||3rd Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|BASFORD Albert||Royal Engineers|
|BATCHELOR Charles R.I.P.||6th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|BATCHELOR Vernon R.I.P.||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|BEARTON Ernest||1st Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|BEARTON Oliver||Army Service Corps Remounts Service|
|BELLAMY Sidney||10th Bn. Essex Regt.|
|BIERTON Albert R.I.P.||23rd Bn. Middlesex Regt.|
|BIGNELL Charles||Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regt.)|
|BOARDER Albert||3rd Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|BRAZIER Fred||Army Service Corps Remounts Service|
|BUNN Edward||Royal Navy|
|BUNN Godfrey||Hertfordshire Yeomanry|
|BUNN Sidney||Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regt.|
|BUNN Walter||9th Bn. Suffolk Regt.|
|CASH George||6th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|CATT Harold||4th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|CLARK(E) George||10th Bn. Queen’s Own (Royal West Kent Regt.)|
|CLIFTON George||Royal Garrison Artillery|
|COLLIER Philip||Suffolk Regt.|
|COLLIER Victor||Royal Horse Artillery|
|COOK William R.I.P.||Bedfordshire Yeomanry|
|COOPER Archibald||Royal Navy|
|COOPER William R.I.P.||Royal Field Artillery|
|CRACK William||1st Royal Montreal Regt.|
|CUTLER Frederick||Army Service Corps Mechanical Transport|
|CUTLER Harry||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|CUTLER John||Army Veterinary Corps|
|DARBY Walter||1st Bn. Norfolk Regt.|
|DOVE Frank R.I.P.||2nd Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|DUNN James R.I.P.||Machine Gun Corps|
|EDGE Kenneth||Royal Navy|
|FALDER Frank||Army Ordnance Corps|
|FENN Herbert||Machine Gun Corps|
|FENN William R.I.P.||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|FLOWERS Herbert||Royal Garrison Artillery|
|FLOWERS Rupert||Inns of Court Officer Training Corps|
|FOWLER Arthur R.I.P.||5th Bn. King’s Shropshire Light Infantry|
|FOWLER Matthew||Royal Engineers|
|GARMENT Alfred R.I.P.||1st Bn. Northamptonshire Regt.|
|GENTLE Bertram R.I.P.||King’s Royal Rifle Corps|
|GENTLE Oliver||King’s Royal Rifle Corps|
|GIBSON Arthur||Royal Navy|
|GIBSON Samuel||Merchant Navy|
|GOODMAN Donald W||Northamptonshire Regt.|
|GRANT William||6th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt|
|GREEN Francis||3rd Bn. Oxon and Bucks Light Infantry|
|GREEN Gerald||Royal Navy|
|GROOM Edward R.I.P.||1st Bn. Queen’s Royal West Surrey Regt.|
|HALSEY Arthur||Labour Corps att. Army Service Corps|
|HALSEY Bernard||2/1st Bn. Sussex Yeomanry|
|HALSEY Horace||7th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|HALSEY Hubert||1/9th Bn. Middlesex Regt.|
|HARRISON Douglas||Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regt.)|
|HART Sidney||10th Bn. Gloucestershire Regt.|
|HING Edward||Army Service Corps Mechanical Transport|
|HING James||Army Service Corps Mechanical Transport|
|HING Joseph||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|HING Lewis||Army Service Corps Mechanical Transport|
|HOAR Edward||9th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|HOAR George R.I.P.||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|HOAR Richard||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|HOBBS Percy||Royal Flying Corps|
|HOLLAND Jesse||6th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|HOLLAND Walter R.I.P.||2nd Bn. Rifle Brigade|
|HORN Sidney||Army Service Corps Forage Dept.|
|HUCKLESBY Charles||Royal Navy|
|HUCKLESBY Harry||Army Service Corps Horse Transport|
|IMPEY Herbert||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|IMPEY Sidney*||Royal Fusiliers|
|JACOBS Herbert||Machine Gun Corps|
|JANES Ernest||Hertfordshire Yeomanry|
|JOHNSON Alexander R.I.P.||Royal Engineers|
|JOHNSON Archibald||Royal Engineers|
|JOHNSON Arthur||Royal Army Medical Corps|
|JOHNSON Frank R.I.P.||1st Bn. Royal Berkshire Regt.|
|JOHNSON Henry F||1/1st Bn. Hertfordshire Yeomanry|
|JOHNSON Thomas||Royal Fusiliers|
|JOHNSON Walter||Royal Canadian Engineers|
|JOHNSON William||2nd Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|JONES James||2nd Bn. Oxon and Bucks Light Infantry|
|JONES Sidney||3rd Bn. Northamptonshire Regt.|
|KINCHINGTON Mark R.I.P.||10th Bn. Hampshire Regt.|
|LEE Walter||3rd Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|LIBERTY George||Royal Engineers|
|LUNNON Arthur||3rd Bn. Northamptonshire Regt.|
|MAUNDERS Arthur||4th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|MAUNDERS Joseph||3rd Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|MAUNDERS William||Labour Corps|
|MAYLING John||10th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|MAYLING William R.I.P.||3rd Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|MEAD Alfred R.I.P.||7th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|MILTON John||5th Bn. Coldstream Guards|
|MOORE Ernest||8th Bn Lincolnshire Regt.|
|MUNDEN Matthew||Royal Field Artillery|
|MUNDEN William||1st Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|NEWMAN William||Cycle Corps; Durham Light Infantry|
|NICHOLES Ernest R.I.P.||King’s Royal Rifle Corps|
|NICHOLES William A||Hertfordshire Yeomanry|
|OAKINS Samuel R.I.P.||Royal Engineers|
|OAKINS Stephen||8th Bn. London Regt. att. R. E. Postal Section|
|PHILLIPS Bernard||Royal Navy|
|PINNOCK Arthur||Royal Navy|
|PINNOCK George R.I.P.||Royal Navy, H.M.S. Black Prince|
|PRATT George||1st Bn. Grenadier Guards|
|PRATT William E||Royal Garrison Artillery|
|PURTON Bertie||Royal Engineers|
|PURTON Edwin||Oxon and Bucks L.I.; Machine Gun Corps|
|PURTON Ernest||Royal Engineers; Leicestershire Regt.|
|PURTON Frederick R.I.P.||6th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|PURTON Reginald||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|ROGERS Ernest||1st Reserve Bn. Suffolk Regt.|
|ROGERS Frank||Army Service Corps Horse Transport|
|ROGERS Sidney||9th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|ROGERS William||47th Bn. Canadian Infantry|
|RUFFETT Ernest||Royal Naval Air Service|
|RUFFETT Horace||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|SAUNDERS Edward||2nd Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|SHORT Charles||King’s Royal Rifle Corps|
|STANBRIDGE Alban||3rd Bn. Suffolk Regt.|
|TALBOT Geoffrey R.I.P.||Royal Naval Air Service|
|TALBOT Humphrey||Army Service Corps Mechanical Transport|
|TEARLE Walter||Hertfordshire Yeomanry; Lancashire Fusiliers|
|THAME Frank||Hertfordshire Yeomanry; Dorset Yeomanry|
|WELLS Archie||1/1st Bn. Hertfordshire Yeomanry|
|WELLS Herbert||9th Bn. Royal Fusiliers|
|WELLS William||6th Bn. Bedfordshire Regt.|
|WHEATLEY Philip||Royal Horse Artillery|
|WHITE William R.I.P.||8th Bn. Royal Fusiliers|
|WHITMAN Arthur R.I.P.||1st Bn. Hertfordshire Regt.|
|WHITMAN Francis J||1/1st Bn. Hertfordshire Yeomanry|
|WHITMAN Joseph||National Reserve|
|WIBDEN John||Royal Air Force|
|WILLMORE Percy||1/9th Bn. Middlesex Regt.|
|YOUNG Reginald||Army Service Corps Mechanical Transport|
*Sidney Impey is not recorded on the 2018 Centenary Revision of the Roll of Honour, but information that came to light after its compilation has shown that he should have been included
This page was written by Jane Dickson and Andrew Sheard. Individual War Remembrance pages were researched and written by Jane Dickson, based on initial research by David Heard on the men named on the War Memorials, and incorporating contributions from families of the men commemorated. Designed and edited for web publication by Andrew Sheard.
Do you have any questions about the information recorded here? Or do you have any further information that you can share with us about those from Little Gaddesden who died or fought for their country? In either case, please contact Jane Dickson at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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